International Journal of Psychological Research <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div> <div> <div><strong><strong>ISSN:</strong>&nbsp;</strong>2011-7922&nbsp; <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></strong><strong><br><strong><strong>Periodicity</strong>:</strong>&nbsp;</strong>twice yearly<strong><br><strong>Editor:</strong>&nbsp;</strong>Jorge Mauricio Cuartas</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Journal of the Faculty of Psychology of Universidad de San Buenaventura, which is located in Medellín, dedicated to promoting psychological and neuroscientific knowledge and all its related sciences.</div> </div> <br> <div><strong>INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH</strong>&nbsp;is the electronic version of the printed publication of the same name (ISSN 2011-2084).&nbsp;<br><br>This publication will be of interest to professionals in psychology, psychiatry, neurology, neuroscience and human behavior. In addition, this publication serves as a training resource for students in the areas of mental health, neuroscience, humanities and basic areas related to psychological research.&nbsp;</div> </div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> </div> Universidad San Buenaventura - USB (Colombia) en-US International Journal of Psychological Research 2011-2084 <span>The work that is sent to this journal must be original, not published or sent to be published elsewhere; and if it is accepted for publication, authors will agree to transfer copyright to International Journal of Psychological Research. </span><br /><br /><span>To give up copyright, the authors allow that, International Journal of Psychological Research, distribute the work more broadly, check for the reuse by others and take care of the necessary procedures for the registration and administration of copyright; at the same time, our editorial board represents the interests of the author and allows authors to re-use his work in various forms. In response to the above, authors transfer copyright to the journal, International Journal of Psychological Research. This transfer does not imply other rights which are not those of authorship (for example those that concern about patents). Likewise, preserves the authors rights to use the work integral or partially in lectures, books and courses, as well as make copies for educational purposes. Finally, the authors may use freely the tables and figures in its future work, wherever make explicit reference to the previous publication in International Journal of Psychological Research. The assignment of copyright includes both virtual rights and forms of the article to allow the editorial to disseminate the work in the manner which it deems appropriate. </span><br /><br /><span>The editorial board reserves the right of amendments deemed necessary in the application of the rules of publication.</span> Mental health situation in Colombia Editorial Carlos A. Palacio A. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 11 2 6 7 10.21500/20112084.3712 Benefit finding and well-being in older adults: The utility of the General Benefit Finding Scale. <p> </p><p>The research aim was to test the General Benefit Finding Scale (GBFS) in a cross-sectional survey of adults aged 55 years and older and to assess to what extent it relates to mental well-being, perceived social support, health and personality. Participants (n=341) completed a questionnaire which included demographic questions, the GBFS, and measures of mental well-being, perceived social support, activity levels, and personality. Benefit finding was higher in older adults and correlated positively with mental well-being and perceived support. The impact of the psychosocial factors investigated on benefit finding levels was small (9.2%) with mental well-being, sex and agreeableness being significant predictors. The study provides additional support for the use of the GBFS and suggests that perceived social support, particularly from friends, is especially important for older adults.</p> Tony Cassidy Ingrid Doyle ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 11 2 8 18 10.21500/20112084.3382 Interplay between sensation seeking and risky alcohol drinking in Mexican adolescents: An structural modeling equation approach. <p>Alcohol drinking represents one of the most important public health problems in adolescents. One axis of analysis of the correlates that affect alcohol consumption in adolescents is personality traits. In particular, sensation seeking maintains a consistent relationship with consumer behaviors. The objective of this research was tested in a structural equation model to show the structural effect of sensation seeking on risky alcohol drinking. The sensation seeking inventory (Palacios, 2015a) was used and alcohol drinking was measured with a survey of a sample of 550 Mexico City youth between 14 and 23 (M= 16.88; SD= 1.3) years old The results indicated the factorial validity of alcohol drinking in this sample. The structural equation modeling analyses suggested sensation seeking is a significant predictor for alcohol drinking behavior. The discussion analyzes the influence of sensation seeking on alcohol drinking and suggests implications for interventions.</p> Jorge Palacios ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 11 2 19 26 10.21500/20112084.3332 Impact of a brief intervention programs in clinical practice: Barriers and adaptations. <p>Introduction: The present study analyzes the main barriers and adaptations to brief interventions that focus on addictive behavior treatments carried out in clinical settings by 756 health professionals during their adoption process in 350 Primary Attention Units in Mexico. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted and consisted in the application of an instrument that explored diverse aspects, such as knowledge about evidence based brief intervention (BI) programs, barriers during the execution, and adaptations of the BI. Results: the main barriers were related to the implementation of sessions and the user’s characteristics such as educational level. As a consequence, the main adaptations were related to the increase in the number of sessions, modifying their length and changing the sequence as well as the proposed material in the manuals. Conclusions: We discuss the possibility of systematizing the adaptations made by health professionals in order to evaluate their effectiveness.</p> Kalina Martínez Martínez Ana Lucía Jiménez Pérez Violeta Félix Romero Silvia Morales Chainé ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 11 2 27 34 10.21500/20112084.3485 Relationship between depressive symptomatology and cognitive performance in older people <p>Objective: To analyze the relationship of depressive symptoms with differentiated components of cognitive function in older adults using the Neuronorma.Co protocol. Methodology: We analyzed the cognitive performance of 144 adults, 58.3% women, with an average age of 68.1 ± 11.2 years. A factor analysis of main components was performed to identify independent factors of cognitive function. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to estimate the type and strength of association between depressive symptoms and neurocognitive performance components. Results: Seven differentiated components of cognitive performance were identified. In the multivariate analysis, interference control and language were affected by the total score on the Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale. Conclusions: The presence and intensity of depressive symptoms is associated with a lower performance in tasks dependent on executive control.</p> Karina Ibeth Izquierdo-Guerra David Andres Montoya-Arenas Jose G. Franco Ana M. Gaviria ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 11 2 35 45 10.21500/20112084.3520 Cognitive performance in asymptomatic carriers of mutations R1031C and R141C in CADASIL <span lang="EN-US">CADASIL is the most common hereditary cause of repeated ischemic strokes, and has also been identified as a model of pure vascular dementia.    The objective of this study was to establish the cognitive performance of asymptomatic carriers with the mutations R1031C and R141C. This observational cross-sectional analytical study divided subjects into three groups: asymptomatic carriers of the R1031C mutation (n = 39), asymptomatic carries of the R141C mutation (n = 8) and non-carriers (n = 50). Statistically significant differences were found (p &lt;0.05) between the group of the R1031C mutation and the non-carriers in constructional praxis, executive function and abstract reasoning. For the R141C mutation, scores below expected values in executive function and mental calculation were observed. It is concluded that asymptomatic carriers of the two mutations showed low performance in working memory, mental abstraction and processing speed, which could be associated with preclinical cognitive biomarkers preceding the presentation of the first vascular event.</span> Yesica Zuluaga Castaño David Andrés Montoya-Arenas Lina Velilla Carolina Ospina Joseph F. Arboleda-Velasquez Yakeel T. Quiroz Francisco Lopera ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 11 2 46 55 10.21500/20112084.3373 Body image, perceived stress, and resilience in military amputees of the internal armed conflict in Colombia <p>The objective of this study was to determine the levels and the relationship between body image satisfaction, perceived stress and resilience in soldier amputee victims of the internal armed conflict in Colombia. It was a quantitative, cross-sectional study of correlational scope, with the participation of 22 Colombian soldiers who were victims of the internal armed conflict and with some degree of amputation. For each soldier, the Multidimensional Body Self-relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ), Perceived Stress (EEP-14) and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10) were applied. The results show high scores in behaviors aimed at maintaining physical fitness, self-assessed physical attractiveness and physical appearance, low scores in stress and scores with high trends in resilience, as well as a negative correlation between stress and conducts aimed to maintain physical fitness.</p> Daniela Herrera-Moreno Diego Carvajal-Ovalle Angélica Cueva-Nuñez Camila Acevedo Fernando Riveros Munévar Katherin Camacho Diana Milena Fajardo-Tejada Mauricio Noel Clavijo-Moreno Dary Luz Lara-Correa Stefano Vinaccia Alpi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 11 2 56 62 10.21500/20112084.3487 Bistable perception: neural bases and usefulness in psychological research <p>Bistable images have the possibility of being perceived in two different ways. Due to their physical characteristics, these visual stimuli allow two different perceptions, associated with top-down and bottom-up modulating processes. Based on an extensive literature review, the present article aims to gather the conceptual models and the foundations of perceptual bistability. This theoretical article compiles not only notions that are intertwined with the understanding of this perceptual phenomenon, but also the diverse classification and uses of bistable images in psychological research, along with a detailed explanation of the neural correlates that are involved in perceptual reversibility. We conclude that the use of bistable images as a paradigmatic resource in psychological research might be extensive. In addition, due to their characteristics, visual bistable stimuli have the potential to be implemented as a resource in experimental tasks that seek to understand diverse concerns linked essentially to attention, sensory, perceptual and memory processes.</p> Guillermo Andrés Rodríguez Martínez Henry Castillo Parra ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 11 2 63 76 10.21500/20112084.3375 The strength of weak embodiment <p>While popular within some cognitive science approaches, the embodiment approach has still found resistance, particularly in light of evidence arguing against strong forms of embodiment. Among other things, the embodiment approach breaks away from the Cartesian ontology of the modulatory system. We claim that the advantages of the embodiment approach are: a) it grounds cognition into modal experience, b) it is harmonious with a materialist philosophy of mind (emergent materialism), and c) it is supported by experimental research in various fields. However, embodiment must still address abstractions, theoretical misunderstandings (representations vs non-representations) and neuroscientific findings that challenge the extension and relevance of sensorimotor properties into cognitive processes. While the strong version of embodiment is seriously challenged by conceptual and physiological setbacks, its weak version is supported by compelling evidence. We suggest future research focus on the psychophysiological bases of grounded cognition and redirect efforts towards the field of cross-modal correspondence.</p> Carlos Tirado Omid Khatin-Zadeh Melina Gastelum Nathan Jones Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 11 2 77 85 10.21500/20112084.3420