How to Cite
Defez, A. (2021). The Problem of Animals in Ortega and Wittgenstein. Revista Guillermo De Ockham, 16(2), 7–13. https://doi.org/10.21500/22563202.3603 (Original work published December 20, 2018)
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This paper is devoted to analyse the problem of animals in Ortega y Gasset and the mature Wittgenstein philosophies. The main conclusion is we should prefer the approach of Wittgenstein because it affords a discontinuous continuity picture -a degree continuity- between animals and human beings that explains better our epistemic and moral attributions to animals.


J. Ortega y Gasset, Ideas y creencias, Madrid, Revista de Occidente, 1942.

J. Ortega y Gasset, La caza y los toros, Madrid, Revista de Occidente, 1960.

L. Wittgenstein, Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1966.

L. Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, Oxford, Wiley Blackwell, 1966.

L. Wittgenstein, Zettel, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1967.

L. Wittgenstein, On Certainty, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1969.


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