Social neuroscience and social genomics: the emergence of multi-level integrative analyses
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Social neuroscience
social isolation
social genomics

How to Cite

Cacioppo, J. T., Cacioppo, S., & Cole, S. W. (2013). Social neuroscience and social genomics: the emergence of multi-level integrative analyses. International Journal of Psychological Research, 6, 1–6.


Social neuroscience emerged more than 20 years ago and has grown into a mature interdisciplinary scientific field. Research now provides compelling evidence that the structure and function of the nervous system are influenced by the social environment. Recent work in social genomics further underscores the importance of the social environment by demonstrating the influence of the social environment on gene expression. The multi-level, interdisciplinary approach and the integration of animal models and human research in social neuroscience have proven synergistic and promise continued advances in the delineation of the social brain across species and generations.
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