The Problem of Animals in Ortega and Wittgenstein


This paper is devoted to analyse the problem of animals in Ortega y Gasset and the mature Wittgenstein philosophies. The main conclusion is we should prefer the approach of Wittgenstein because it affords a discontinuous continuity picture -a degree continuity- between animals and human beings that explains better our epistemic and moral attributions to animals.

Biografía del autor/a

Antoni Defez, Universitat de Girona

Profesor Titular de Filosofía / Dto. de Filosofía de la Universitat de Girona


J. Ortega y Gasset, Ideas y creencias, Madrid, Revista de Occidente, 1942.

J. Ortega y Gasset, La caza y los toros, Madrid, Revista de Occidente, 1960.

L. Wittgenstein, Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1966.

L. Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, Oxford, Wiley Blackwell, 1966.

L. Wittgenstein, Zettel, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1967.

L. Wittgenstein, On Certainty, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1969.

Original papers