AbstractThis study was undertaken in order to identify the relationship between gender of children with autism and risk factors before/during pregnancy and childbirth. An analysis of 66 clinical records was divided into two groups defined by gender of children diagnosed with autism in Bogotá (Colombia). The data were collected with the Maternal Perinatal Risk Questionnaire and analyzed with Pearson Chi square. The most significant risks associated with gender in the minors were voluntary abortions, maternal difficulties in a previous pregnancy, surgery during pregnancy, conflicting parental relationships, demanding physical and cognitive activity, consumption of drugs in the mother, duration of pregnancy and birth weight. Among men there was as many prenatal factors while among girls had an enrollment over perinatal factors (before and during labor) and psychosocial.
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